Chevrolet Cruze manuals

Chevrolet Cruze Repair Manual: Metric Fasteners

This vehicle provides fastener dimensions using the metric system. Most metric fasteners are approximate in diameter to equivalent English fasteners. Make replacements using fasteners of the same nominal diameter, thread pitch, and strength.

A number marking identifies the OE metric fasteners except cross-recess head screws. The number also indicates the strength of the fastener material. A Posidrive or Type 1A cross-recess identifies a metric cross-recess screw. For best results, use a Type 1A cross-recess screwdriver, or equivalent, in Posidrive recess head screws.

GM Engineering Standards and North American Industries have adopted a portion of the ISO-defined standard metric fastener sizes. The purpose was to reduce the number of fastener sizes used while retaining the best thread qualities in each thread size. For example, the metric M6.0 X 1 screw, with nearly the same diameter and 25.4 threads per inch replaced the English 1/4-20 and 1/4-28 screws. The thread pitch is midway between the English coarse and fine thread pitches.

Fastener Strength Identification

  1. English Bolt, Grade 2 (Strength Class)
  2. English Bolt, Grade 5 (Strength Class)
  3. English Bolt, Grade 7 (Strength Class)
  4. English Bolt, Grade 8 (Strength Class)
  5. Metric Nut, Strength Class 9
  6. Metric Bolts, Strength Class Increases as Numbers Increase

The most commonly used metric fastener strength property classes are 9.8 and 10.9. The class identification is embossed on the head of each bolt. The English, inch strength classes range from grade 2 to grade 8. Radial lines are embossed on the head of each bolt in order to identify the strength class. The number of lines on the head of the bolt is 2 lines less than the actual grade. For example, a grade 8 bolt will have 6 radial lines on the bolt head. Some metric nuts are marked with a single digit strength identification number on the nut face.

The correct fasteners are available through GM SPO. Many metric fasteners available in the aftermarket parts channels are designed to metric standards of countries other than the United States, and may exhibit the following:

The metric fasteners on GM products are designed to new, international standards. The following are the common sizes and pitches, except for special applications:

Fasteners
Table 1: Metric Prevailing Torque Fastener Minimum Torque Development Table 2: English Prevailing Torque Fastener Minimum Torque Development ...

Prevailing Torque Fasteners
Prevailing torque fasteners create a thread interface between the fastener and the fastener counterpart in order to prevent the fastener from loosening. All Metal Prevailing Torque Fasteners Thes ...

Other materials:

Wheel Stud Replacement
Removal Procedure Raise and suitably support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting  and Jacking the Vehicle. Remove the tire and wheel assembly. Refer to Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation. Remove the wheel bearing/hub. Refer to Rear Wheel Bearing and Hub Replacement. Cauti ...

Installation Procedure
Create 6 x 20 mm (4/16 x 12/16 in) slots for MIG-brazing along the edges of the rear inner wheelhouse as noted from the original panel. Note: If the location of the original plug weld holes can not be determined, space the slots every 40 mm (1½ in). Clean and prepare the ...

Body Waterleak Repair
Warning: If the vehicle interior is exposed to moisture and becomes soaked up to the level of the sensing and diagnostic module (SDM), the SDM and SDM harness connector must be replaced. The SDM could be activated when powered, which could cause airbag deployment and result in personal inj ...

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